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英语4种基本语句,泰安专业英语翻译公司DATE:2016-12-19

英语中语法单词较多,按最基本句式来分类,英语翻译中最常见的句式有4种,陈述句,祈使句,疑问句,感叹句。下面让泰安万策翻译公司从专业的眼光来为大家分析一下这4种英语常见句式。

1.    Declarative

陈述句

A declarative sentence "declares" or states a fact, arrangement or opinion. Declarative sentences can be either positive or negative. A declarative sentences ends with a period (.).

陈述句是对事实、安排或观点进行“声明”或陈述。陈述句可以是肯定句,也可以是否定句。陈述句以句号(.)结尾。

例句:I'll meet you at the train station.

译文:(我们在火车站见面吧。)

2.    Imperative

祈使句

The imperative form instructs (or sometimes requests). The imperative takes no subject as 'you' is the implied subject. The imperative form ends with either a period (.) or an exclamation point (!).

祈使句是发出命令(有时是要求)的一种句式。祈使句中一般没有主语,you是隐含的主语。祈使句以句号(.)或感叹号(!)结尾。

例句:Pick up that mess.

译文:(把这乱七八糟的收拾一下。)

3.    Interrogative

疑问句

The interrogative asks a question. In the interrogative form the auxiliary verb precedes the subject which is then followed by the main verb (i.e., Are you coming ....?). The interrogative form ends with a question mark (?).

疑问句就是提出问题的句式。疑问句中,助动词位于主语前面,而主语后则跟着主动词(例如:Are you coming..?)。疑问句以问号结尾。

例句:Do you enjoy listening to classical music?

(你喜欢听古典音乐吗?)

4.    Exclamatory

感叹句

The exclamatory form emphasizes a statement (either declarative or imperative) with an exclamation point (!).

感叹句通过感叹号(!)对一个陈述(陈述句或祈使句中)进行了强调。

例句:I can't believe you said that!

(我真不敢相信你会那么说!)


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